The Holy See and the Middle East: The Public Diplomacy of Pope John Paul II
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
Pagination or Media Count:
This thesis considers changes in the diplomacy of the Holy See with respect to the Middle East during the period from 1990 to 2003. The policies pursued by these changes were the decisions of Pope John Paul II, and they involved the following actions 1 establishing full diplomatic relations between the Holy See and the State of Israel 2 convening the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Lebanon, ending in the papal visit to Lebanon in May 1997 and 3 opposing the 1991 and 2003 U.S.-led wars against Iraq. As to whether ideas or interests explain these policies, the thesis argues that new circumstances occasioned a rethinking of the Holy Sees interests in light of the development of modern Catholic social teaching. In other words, ideas constituted interests. Principled belief in the dignity of the human person and the principle of solidarity shaped the Holy Sees perception of its interests and the substance of the Popes diplomacy. In making the argument, the thesis considers the Holy Sees role in international relations the development of modern Catholic social teaching since Pope Leo XIIIs 1891 encyclical, Rerum Novarum and case studies of John Paul IIs diplomacy with respect to Israel, Lebanon, and the wars with Iraq.
- Government and Political Science
- Humanities and History