Coercion and Governance in China: Analyzing Civil-Military Relations in the Post-Deng Era Using Multiah Alagappa's Analytical Framework
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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This thesis applies Multiah Alagappas framework for analyzing civil-military relations in the Peoples Republic of China PRC in the post-Deng era, when several key developments have fundamentally altered the relationship between the Chinese Communist Party CCP and the Peoples Liberation Army PLA. These developments include the absence of a powerful paramount leader, the generational shifts in the civilian and militant leaderships, the increasing professionalization of the PLA, the decline of communism as a legitimating ideology, the sustained progress of economic development, the emergence of a robust civil society, and the increasing legitimacy of Chinas political system. Moreover, this thesis undertakes an extensive review of the various explanations and theories advanced in the literature of civil-military relations, assuring that Alagappas analytical framework offers the most comprehensive tool for analyzing civil- military relations to date. Using Alagappas analytical framework, this thesis argues that the current trend in civil-military relations in China has brought increasing civilian supremacy, as the political power and influence of the PLA have diminished over time due to the decreasing significance of coercion in covariance, the strengthening of non- coercive state institutions, Chinas sustained high level of economic development, and the increasing legitimacy of Chinas political system.
- Government and Political Science