Deployment of State Traffic Law Enforcement Officers for Homeland Security
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, marked a turning point for agencies at all levels of government to consider their role in Homeland Security. Significant federal studies provided federal agencies with direction on needed changes for state law enforcement there remains much to study. Deployment of traffic law enforcement officers in many agencies has not changed since 911, and remains a substantial resource that could be used for prevention of terrorist attacks. Changing deployment priorities of traffic law enforcement officers is complicated by the impact it could have on traffic safety and the over 40,000 people that are killed on Americas highways every year. It becomes more complex with issues such as civil liberties concerns, political acceptability, citizen expectations and regulatory compliance. This thesis evaluates options for the deployment of traffic law enforcement officers to enhance Homeland Security efforts. It examines the value of traffic officers to overall deterrence plans and calls for the increased use of targeted and concentrated traffic patrols rather than random patrols. It recommends a strategy of intelligence based deployments as part of a layered security system that can maximize the total impact to the traffic safety and Homeland Security missions of state law enforcement agencies.
- Sociology and Law
- Military Intelligence