An Estimation and Verification of Vessel Radar-Cross-Sections for HF Surface Wave Radar
DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CANADA OTTAWA (ONTARIO)
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The radar cross sections RCS of both small and large ships for High Frequency Surface Wave Radar HFSWR were studied by using Numerical Electromagnetics Code 4 and by using measurements from a HFSWR system at Cape Race, Newfoundland, Canada. The results of the study indicate that Teleost, a 2405-ton Canadian Coast Guard ship, and large cargocontainer vessels 36000 ton have comparable RCS values at 3.1 and 4.1 MHz. This was verified by comparing Teleost signals with the reflections of seven cargo-container vessels identified during an operational evaluation of the HFSWR. The conclusion of the study is that Teleost and the large cargo-container vessels have an angle-averaged RCS of 40dBm2, while small vessels 1000 tons could reasonably be characterized by an angle-averaged RCS of 30 dBm2, in the lower end of the HF band 3-5 MHz.
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