Head, Face, and Neck Injuries During Operation Iraqi Freedom II: Results From the US Navy and Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry
Technical rept. Mar 2004-Jan 2006
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
Pagination or Media Count:
A retrospective analysis was performed to assess characteristics of head, face, and neck injury among US military casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom Phase Two. Data were collected from the US Navy and Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry for the time period of 1 March to 30 September 2004. Four hundred and forty-five casualties with head, face, or neck injury were identified for analysis. Of these, 140 31 sustained multiple wounds to the head, face, and neck 17740 had head wounds 33676 had facial wounds and 8419 had neck wounds. Head, face, and neck wounds accounted for 61 of the total 1,666 injuries incurred. Improvised explosive devices were the most frequent cause of injury among battle casualties, whereas motor vehicle accidents were the most common cause of injury among nonbattle casualties. The overall mean abbreviated injury severity scores for head, face, and neck injuries were 2.1,1.1, and 1.2, respectively. Although the majority of casualties incurred wounds to the face, head and neck injuries were generally more severe, especially among those who died of wounds. The high frequency of facial wounding suggests, however, that the face may be more vulnerable during armed conflict than the head or neck.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Weapons Effects (Biological)