Accession Number:

ADA445186

Title:

The Road to Abu Ghraib: US Army Detainee Doctrine and Experience

Descriptive Note:

Occasional paper no. 6

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS COMBAT STUDIES INST

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2005-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

146.0

Abstract:

The 2004 revelations of detainee maltreatment at the Abu Ghraib prison outside of Baghdad, Iraq have led to an exhaustive overhaul of Army doctrine and training with respect to this topic. The Army has identified disconnects in its individual, leader, and collective training programs, and has also identified the absence of a deliberate, focused doctrinal crosswalk between the two principal branches concerned with detainees, Military Intelligence MI and Military Police MP. These problems and their consequences are real and immediate. The perceptions of just treatment held by citizens of our nation and, to a great extent the world at large, have been and are being shaped by the actions of the US Army, both in the commission of detainee maltreatment but also, and more importantly, in the way the Army addresses its institutional shortcomings. This study examines the relationship over time between doctrine in two branches of the Army Military Police MP and Military Intelligence MI and the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War GPW. Specifically, it analyzes the MP detention field manual series and the MI interrogation field manual series to evaluate their GPW content. It also further examines the relationship of military police and military intelligence to each other in the enemy prisoner-of-war EPW and detainee operations environment, as expressed in their doctrinal manuals. Finally, the study looks at the Armys experience in detainee operations through the prism of six conflicts or contingency operations the Korean War, Vietnam, Operation URGENT FURY Grenada, 1983, Operation JUST CAUSE Panama, 1989, Operation DESERT STORM Iraq, 1991, and Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY Haiti, 1994.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Humanities and History
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE