Atomization Mechanism of Wall-Bounded Two-Phase Flows
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB EDWARDS AFB CA
Pagination or Media Count:
The current understanding of droplet generation processes from liquid films is reviewed. Films are defined as liquids with one free and one wall-bound surface. In many of the systems where films occur, atomization is an undesirable side-effect of the two-phase flow. The motivation for this study, however, is a process where atomization from the film is the goal -- a gas-centered swirl coaxial rocket injector. Because atomization is often unwanted in film configurations, few studies focus on the mechanisms that cause atomization. The large body of literature on the atomization of jets and sheets is, therefore, utilized to develop an understanding of film atomization. Similarities and differences between the geometries are discussed as applicable. Generally, the atomization is considered to involve two steps the creation of a disturbance on the film surface and the breakdown of this disturbance into droplets. Prompt Atomization, where atomization occurs directly at a nozzle exit, is also briefly considered. Several atomization mechanisms are identified and qualitatively described.
- Fluid Mechanics
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy