Evaluative Testing of 5LA3421: A Multicomponent Prehistoric and Historic Site, Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado
Final rept. Jun 2002-Apr 2004
FORT LEWIS COLL DURANGO CO DEPT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
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In the summer of 2002, evaluative testing was undertaken at a large multicomponent site for the purpose of evaluating the potential of this site to yield significant information about the prehistory and history of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site PCMS. The work was conducted under cooperative agreement between the National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center MWAC and Fort Lewis College FLC. The site, 5LA3421, was divided into four areas for the purpose of this project. Archeological investigations at the site included surface mapping, surface artifact collection, geophysical surveys and limited site testing. This very large site possesses several cultural components. The two that are the best documented and received the bulk of the investigations are early 19th century homestead and Late Prehistoric Stage habitation site. An earlier prehistoric component was identified in test units and in shovel tests, but the date of this component has not been determined although it is possible that it dates to the Middle Archaic. Magnetic susceptibility tests provide further support for the presence of buried soils in some areas of the site. The geophysical surveys added to the documentation through the identification of pathways and concentration of buried artifacts that imply specific activity areas. Archival research of the GLO platt maps shows the land was patented by Henry LePlatt in 1927. Evaluative testing combined with surface investigations and geophysical surveys demonstrate that the site has a great potential to yield significant information about the history and prehistory of the PCMS, and it is recommended that the site is eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places NRHP.
- Humanities and History