The Role of Seagrasses and Kelps in Marine Fish Support
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS
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This report provides a comprehensive summary of research related to fish utilization of seagrass and kelp habitats in the Pacific Northwest in a single document that will serve as a useful reference for resource managers. Preparation of this document was sponsored by the USACE Wetlands Regulatory Assistance Program WRAP at the request of the Seattle District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Regulatory Branch. This document is organized into two major sections. The first is a general review of the importance of seagrass and kelp habitats to fishes and invertebrates in marine and estuarine ecosystems. This section presents a broad summary of general results and trends from numerous studies conducted both in the United States and abroad, and provides a foundation for interpretation of the site-specific information provided in the following section. In the second section, the focus is narrowed to include only the results of those studies conducted in fiord-like estuaries of the Pacific Northwest.