Shadow Wars: An Analysis of Counterinsurgency Warfare
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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This thesis aims to develop a better understanding of insurgency and counterinsurgency warfare through a thorough analysis of the nature and strategies of insurgency, and a comparative examination of the current strategic approaches to counterinsurgency warfare. Toward this end, a systems model approach, which views insurgent organizations as open systems, is adapted to the insurgent environment. Popular support, external support, and insurgent organization are determined as the major variables of the insurgency system. The evolution of French counterrevolutionary doctrine and its implementation in the Algerian rebellion is examined under the light of the major variables of the system and strategies of insurgency and counterinsurgency warfare. After an analysis of the FLNs tactics and French countermeasures during the Algerian rebellion between 1954 and 1962, three important propositions are offered. First, popular support is the primary condition for the success of the insurgent organization. Second, political, social, economic, and administrative factors have primacy over military factors. And third, domestic factors have primacy over external factors in the outcome of a rebellion.
- Humanities and History
- Unconventional Warfare