A Parabolic Theory of Load Balance
CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
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We derive analytical results for a dynamic load balancing algorithm modeled by the heat equation. The model is appropriate for quickly diffusing disturbances in a local region of a computational domain without affecting other parts of the domain. The algorithm is useful for problems in computational fluid dynamics which involve moving boundaries and adaptive grids implemented on mesh-connected multicomputers. The algorithm preserves task locality and uses only local communication. Resulting load distributions approximate time asymptotic solutions of the heat equation. As a consequence it is possible to predict both the rate of convergence and the quality of the final load distribution. These predictions suggest that a typical imbalance on a multicomputer with over a million processors can be reduced by one order of magnitude after 105 arithmetic operations at each processor.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Computer Programming and Software