Accession Number:

ADA443319

Title:

The Use of Agent Based Simulation for Cooperative Sensing of the Battlefield

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2005-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

121.0

Abstract:

Many military Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance ISR operations would benefit greatly from a fleet of disparate sensor-bearing UAVs that are tightly integrated via a communications network work cooperatively for a common operational objective enhance situation awareness of the areas of operation and increase persistence of sensor dwell time on strategic targets. This would enable continuity in the entire target acquisition cycle from detection to classification to identification and finally localization of targets in a diverse and dynamic environment. The integration of sensors and development of tactics in a cooperative sensing environment is one of the current focuses among the military intelligence community and hence motivates this thesis effort. By building models with an existing agent-based simulation platform and using an extremely efficient experimental design methodology numerous factors which could potentially affect the effectiveness of a cooperative sensing network against two arrays of targets are explored. The factors considered include UAV airspeed reliability detectionclassification coverage and probability network latency and degradation UAV configurations and responsiveness as well as air space separation. The two arrays of targets are mobile armor concentrations and time critical targets these vary in their deployment profiles vulnerability constraints and ease of detectability. Factors characterizing these targets such as the shoot-and-scoot behavior of time critical targets are also investigated. The study provides operational insights pertaining to the design and effective use of cooperative sensing for ISR purposes. These include the importance of having good UAV sensor capabilities the need for a suite of sensors to aid in locating well-camouflaged time-critical targets and the need for intelligent application of UAV cooperation tactics based on the characteristics of recently-classified targets.

Subject Categories:

  • Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Radio Communications

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE