Optimal Restraint Characteristics for Minimization of Peak Occupant Deceleration in Frontal Impact
Interim rept. for Jun 2004-Oct 2005
GENERAL DYNAMICS ADVANCED INFORMATION SYSTEMS DAYTON OH
Pagination or Media Count:
In automobile frontal impact, given the vehicle motion and the interior free space for the occupants excursion, what are the optimal characteristics of restraint systems for the minimization of the peak occupant deceleration In this paper, the problem is treated as the optimal protection from impact based on a lumped-parameter model of the occupant-vehicle system. The optimal kinematics of the occupant in frontal impact is studied. The optimal characteristics of passive restraint systems are investigated in detail for three types of vehicle crash pulses optimal pulse, constant deceleration pulse, and half-sine pulse. Optimization of the characteristics of active and pre-acting restraint systems is addressed. It is found that the optimal kinematics of the occupant in frontal impact is such that the occupant moves at a constant deceleration. Passive restraint systems are not able to provide required protection for the occupant to attain optimal kinematics, but active and pre-acting restraint systems can achieve that if optimally designed.
- Stress Physiology
- Surface Transportation and Equipment
- Safety Engineering