Update Propagation Strategies for Improving the Quality of Data on the Web
Technical research rept.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
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Dynamically generated web pages are ubiquitous today but their high demand for resources creates a huge scalability problem at the servers. Traditional web caching is not able to solve this problem since it cannot provide any guarantees as to the freshness of the cached data. A robust solution to the problem is web materialization, where pages are cached at the web server and constantly updated in the background, resulting in fresh data accesses on cache hits. In this work, we define Quality of Data metrics to evaluate how fresh the data served to the users is. We then focus on the update scheduling problem given a set of views that are materialized, find the best order to refresh them, in the presence of continuous updates, so that the overall Quality of Data QoD is maximized. We present a QoD-aware Update Scheduling algorithm that is adaptive and tolerant to surges in the incoming update stream. We performed extensive experiments using real traces and synthetic ones, which show that our algorithm consistently outperforms FIFO scheduling by up to two orders of magnitude. Prepared through collaborative participation in the Advanced TelecommunicationsInformation Distribution Research Program ATIRP Consortium sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory under the Federated Laboratory Program, Cooperative Agreement DAAL01-96-2-0002. An abridged version of this work appears in the Proceedings of the 27th VLDB Conference, Roma, Italy, 2001.
- Information Science