Egypt's National Security Strategy and "Sadatcraft"
NATIONAL WAR COLL WASHINGTON DC
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When Anwar Sadat became president in 1970, he was the second Egyptian to rule Egypt since the Pharoahs had done so over 2,000 years before. And as if inspired by all the Egyptians since then, he masterfully led his country through difficult times to unprecedented peace, independence, and economic reform. His tools were military force, diplomacy, and leadership. Focusing primarily on the period between 1970 and 1973, Ill discuss Egypts national security strategy and Sadats statecraft, or Sadatcraft, to highlight some lessons that not only made him successful, but may also benefit todays strategists. Environment. When Sad at became president in 1970 following Nassers death. Egypts problems were extensive, yet somewhat common for an emerging nation. Politically, President Nasser at the end of his rule had had poor relations with the other Arab states. of equal concern was the Soviet Unions increasingly surrogate approach toward Egypt. However, Egypts overriding dilemma was naturally with Israel. The Arab position after the 1967 war toward Israel was no negotiations, no recognition, and no settlement. Israel, with the security benefits of its territorial gain and a general distrust of Arab states, was relatively satisfied with its status. And, the superpowers seemed sufficiently content with the current cease-fire.
- Administration and Management
- Government and Political Science
- Military Intelligence