The Fall of the Shah: U.S. Bureaucracies' Blind Eye for Revolution
NATIONAL WAR COLL WASHINGTON DC
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The fall of the Shah of Iran in January 1979 represented a complete collapse for U.S. policy in a key area of the Middle East. Top U.S. foreign policy leaders, with their attention focused on other issues, were caught off guard by the revolutionary fervor that swept Iran in the last months of 1978. They had relied on the foreign policy bureaucracies to identify issues needing top-level attention, but for the most part these bureaucracies failed to recognize the depth of Irans mounting internal crisis. This paper examines the theory that during 1978 the principal foreign affairs bureaucracies tendency to conduct business as usual diverted them from recognizing the nature of the revolutionary forces the shah was facing.
- Government and Political Science
- Humanities and History