Influence of Grain Size on Sediment Transport Rates With Emphasis on the Total Longshore Rate
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICS LAB
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The calculation of longshore sediment transport LST rates is a key component of most coastal engineering studies. While the LST process is conceptually simple, in practice the development of reliable rates is made difficult by problems associated with collecting accurate field data, by limitations to model predictions, and by substantial variations of the rates in time and space. This Coastal and Hydraulic Engineering Technical Note CHETN summarizes the state of understanding of the influence of grain size on surf zone sediment transport and is a companion to Smith et al. 2004. This CHETN discusses details of bed-load and suspended load transport, and the classical bed-load regime is shown to encompass two distinct modes of transport. Four LST models with varying levels of complexity are discussed to show how they incorporate the physics of grain size variation and its effect on the transport rate. In addition, a relationship between the K coefficient in the CERC formula Coastal Engineering Manual 2002, Section III-2-3-a and grain size is presented. Finally, some inconsistencies between theory and data are discussed in the context of the interrelationship between grain size and beach slope.
- Properties of Metals and Alloys
- Civil Engineering