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National Security Strategy of Charles de Gaulle

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Research paper

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Charles de Gaulle was driven by his vision of a return to French global preeminence combined with a revitalization of French society -- a resumption of French traditional world status. The destruction wrought on France in two world wars when England and America assisted too little or too late left de Gaulle with a deep distrust of reliance on others in matters of vital national security. The bitter experience of Frances second-class status among the World War II Allies left de Gaulle with a lasting distaste for dealing in international affairs from a position of weakness. De Gaulle could not accept a diminished status for France in world affairs after World War II. Pragmatism and idealism combined to impel him to seek to carve for France a greater role. Restoration of her status as a global power combined with a revitalization of French society militarily, politically, and economically were the cornerstones of de Gaulles perception of French national interest. De Gaulles Grand Design for foreign policy included the following 1 development of a nuclear capability an autonomous nuclear strike force and independent deterrent to achieve the status of inclusion in the ranks of nuclear powers 2 French withdrawal from NATOs unified military command structure, but with continued reliance on U.S. security guarantees and continued participation in NATOs political arrangements 3 French leadership of a European political, military, and economic continental system 4 exclusion of Great Britain from a continental system as long as she maintained her special relationship with the United States and 5 the creation of Europe as a third world power.

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  • Humanities and History
  • Government and Political Science

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