A Microchip Ring Trap for Cold Atoms
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB HANSCOM AFB MA
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We describe a method to create a circular magnetic waveguide for deBroglie waves on a microchip. The guide is a two-dimensional magnetic minimum for trapping weak-field seeking states of atoms or molecules with a magnetic dipole moment. It is created completely by electric currents in wires that are lithographically patterned on a multi-level chip. We describe the geometry and time-dependent currents of the wires and show that it is possible to wrap the waveguide in a complete circle with minimal perturbations due to the leads or wire crossings. This maximal area geometry is suited for rotation sensing with atom interferometry via the Sagnac effect using either cold thermal atoms and molecules or Bose-condensed systems.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment