Accession Number:

ADA439953

Title:

Down in the Weeds: Close Air Support in Korea

Descriptive Note:

Monograph

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE HISTORICAL STUDIES OFFICE BOLLING AFB DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2002-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

54.0

Abstract:

Before the Korean War, the primary mission of Lt. General George E. Stratemeyers Far East Air Forces FEAF was air defense of the Japanese homeland. Most of the aircraft constituting Stratemeyers inventory were interceptors, not designed for the type of combat that would be required now that the United States was joining in the United Nations effort to end the war in Korea. The Joint ArmyUSAAF doctrine of 1946, known as Field Manual 31-35, Air Ground Operations, was also considered outdated in the present circumstance. A new approach to warfighting had to be developed in response to the strong influence of General Douglas MacArthur and other of his air officers in the Army-dominated General Headquarters Far East Command. Close air support of the ground forces as provided by the Fifth Air Force came at some cost, and tempers flared in the process, but the air commanders in Korea never deprived the ground commanders of close air support if it was needed. Indeed, without the close air support provided to the airmen, the ground campaign would have been a much more bloody and difficult affair than it was.

Subject Categories:

  • Humanities and History
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE