U.S. Democracy Promotion and Al Jazeera: A View into Arab Reactions and Opposing Movements
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS
Pagination or Media Count:
The promotion of democracy in the Arab world, an area to date resistant to effective political liberalization, has become a central pillar in American Middle East foreign policy as well as an integral element in the Global War on Terrorism GWOT. How will this advocacy of democracy be received, given our theoretical and historical knowledge The underlying assumption of U.S. policy is that democracy will moderate some of the anti-American sentiments from the region as well as undermine terrorist activities and support. Will overt American promotion of democracy cause these states to democratize Using aspects of social movement theory, this thesis examines Arab reactions to public American promotion of democracy. I argue that Americas campaign is counterproductive because it has polarized the political discourse, a result which weakens potential sources of internal pressure and distorts understandings of democracy, thus facilitating states maintenance of the status quo. It does this through framing the message as inherently American and spurring opposing movements. Using al-Jazeera data derived from the Foreign Broadcast Information Service FBIS, I recorded the connotations associated with each articulation of the word democracy to create a sample of competing frames to observe opposing movement developments and frame contest trends.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Radio Communications