Annual Report to Congress on Foreign Economic Collection and Industrial Espionage -- 2003
NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER WASHINGTON DC
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This ninth annual report reviews the threat to the United States from foreign economic collection and industrial espionage. The report seeks to characterize and assess efforts by foreign entities -- government and private -- to unlawfully target or acquire critical U.S. technologies, trade secrets, and sensitive financial or proprietary economic information. Although the title implies a heavy emphasis on technologies acquired for economic purposes, in reality it is difficult to determine the motives -- military or commercial -- of those targeting U.S. technologies. Furthermore, sensitive U.S. technologies initially acquired by foreign entities for military use frequently find their way into commercial application and vice versa. This paper makes no attempt to differentiate technologies acquired for civilian use from those acquired for military purposes. Instead, it focuses on all technologies, the loss of which could undermine U.S. military superiority, impede the ability of the United States to compete in the world marketplace, andor have an adverse effect on the U.S. economy, eventually weakening national security. The report is being submitted in compliance with the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995, Section 809 b, Public Law 103-359, which requires that the President annually submit to Congress updated information on the threat to U.S. industry from foreign economic collection and industrial espionage. This report updates the eighth annual report published in February 2003. Unlike earlier reports that include data for only one year, this one includes information for calendar year 2002 and for January to September 2003. Data in the next annual report will be provided on a fiscal year basis the tenth annual report will contain data for 1 October 2003 through 30 September 2004.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science
- Military Intelligence