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Establishing Law and Order after Conflict

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This study contains the results of research on reconstructing internal security institutions during nation-building missions. It analyzes the activities of the United States and other countries in building viable police, internal security forces, and justice structures. This study examines in detail the reconstruction efforts in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Kosovo, three of the most important instances in the post Cold War era in which the United States and its allies have attempted to reconstruct security institutions. It then compares these cases with six others in the post Cold War era Panama, El Salvador, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, and East Timor. Finally, the study draws conclusions from the case studies and analysis, and derives recommendations to help the United States and other international actors improve their performance in the delivery of post-conflict security. The results should be of interest to a broad audience of policy makers and academics concerned with the successes and shortcomings of past security efforts. Although the study is not intended to be a detailed analysis of U.S. or allied military doctrine regarding stability operations, it provides a useful set of guidelines and recommendations for a wide range of military, civilian, and other practitioners. This research was conducted within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment ISE, a unit of the RAND Corporation. The mission of ISE is to improve the development, operation, use, and protection of societys essential built and natural assets, and to enhance the related social assets of safety and security of individuals in transit and in their workplaces and communities.

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  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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