Accession Number:

ADA434851

Title:

Mechanism for Prenatal LPS-Induced DA Neuron Loss

Descriptive Note:

Annual rept. 1 Mar 2004-28 Feb 2005

Corporate Author:

RUSH-PRESBYTERIAN-ST LUKE'S MEDICAL CENTER CHICAGO IL

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2005-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

46.0

Abstract:

A small percentage of patients with Parkinsons disease PD are caused by genetic defects familial Parkinsons disease. The etiologies of the majority of patients are still unknown. Recent advance in our laboratories suggests that prenatal exposure to bacterial toxin, lipopolysaccharide LPS, could be an important etiology for some PD patients. A key finding is that animals exposed to LPS prenatally display fewer than normal number of dopamine DA neuron in the midbrain, a hall marker pathology in human patients. The mechanism for such DA neuron loss is not known. The preliminary data suggested that prenatal LPS may interfere DA neuron precursor cells progenitor cells migration to substantia nigra or DA neuron process outgrowth and therefore reduce the number of DA neurons in the midbrain. We proposed to use both in vivo and in vitro approaches to investigate these possibilities. A significant progress has been made in the last eleven months. Implementation of this proposal has resulted in three major findings 1. Prenatal bacterial LPS induce loss of BrdU positive cells in the midbrain. 2. The toxicity of prenatal LPS requires removal of mitotic signals to the dividing progenitor stem cells. 3. Prenatal LPS reduced dopamine neuron process total length that prevents dopamine neurones to reach trophic-rich striatal target tissue, a positive mechanism underlying the dopamine neuron loss in the prenatal LPS model.

Subject Categories:

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE