Accession Number:

ADA434517

Title:

The Impact of a Web-Based Reporting System on the Collection of Medication Error Occurrence Data

Descriptive Note:

Research paper

Corporate Author:

AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY ROCKVILLE MD

Report Date:

2005-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

12.0

Abstract:

This paper examines the impact of an Internet-based method for the collection of medication error occurrence reports. Data for this study were collected for two time periods. The first data collection effort used a paper-based method and produced the baseline data January 1994 to December 2000. A second data set was created with information collected from January to December 2003, using a Web-based software application. Four priority areas were developed from the baseline data 1 increase the overall number of reported medication errors, 2 increase the number of intercepted medication errors, 3 increase the documented number of physician-attributed medication errors, and 4 improve data quality and specificity. Findings from the Web-based method of collecting data show significant improvements across all four areas. The number of documented medication errors increased from an average of 414 between 1994 and 2000, to 959 in 2003. In this same time period, intercepted errors increased from an average of 17.3 percent to 58.2 percent, and physician-attributed errors increased from an average of 4.8 percent to 27.2 percent. Finally, the missing or unspecified data from the cause-of-error variable decreased from 18.6 percent to 2.1 percent. The electronic systems deliberate anonymity and ease of use, coupled with its ability to expedite reported medication error investigations and the educational efforts directed at the creation of an open reporting environment, are the most likely explanations for the positive impact of the Web-based reporting system.

Subject Categories:

  • Information Science
  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Pharmacology
  • Computer Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE