Preference and Utilities for Prostate Cancer Screening and Treatment: Assessment of the Underlying Decision Making Process
Annual rept. 1 Jan-31 Dec 2004
FOX CHASE CANCER CENTER PHILADELPHIA PA
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The proposed study will evaluate two different populations, a community sample without prostate cancer, and a group of men diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer. The study is designed to evaluate the decision-making mechanism i.e., risk-attitude versus risk-perceptions and processes i.e., cognitive versus affective that influence their preferences for specific treatments e.g., surgery and radiotherapy and associated health states i.e., sexual impotence and urinary incontinence. In order to assess risk-attitude versus risk-perception two variables must be considered, the point of reference of the subject i.e., person with prostate cancer versus person without prostate cancer and the way the treatment alternatives are communicated or framed loss-framed message versus gain-framed message.
- Medicine and Medical Research