Capacity Building for Latin America and the Caribbean: PKO and the Case of Haiti
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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On February 29, 2004, only 10 years after the United States last intervened in Haiti to reinstall President Jean Bertrand Aristide, U.S. military forces once again entered Haiti to stabilize the country after President Aristide fled as violence and demonstrations against him gripped the country. However, unlike the 20,000 troops, significant resources, and ambitious objectives of Operation Uphold Democracy in 1994, the recent intervention was executed with a much smaller force and more limited U.S. Government goals, objectives, and expectations. This paper analyzes the events leading to the U.S. decision to intervene and the rationale to limit U.S. objectives and participation. It then examines the planning, organization, objectives, and effectiveness of the Multinational Interim Force MIF and the transfer of responsibility to the United Nations stabilization force. The paper concludes with recommendations on how the United States may build upon and strengthen the demonstrated capacity for collective security operations in Latin America and the Caribbean in the future.
- Government and Political Science
- Humanities and History
- Unconventional Warfare