History of the Chaparral/FAAR Air Defense System
ARMY AVIATION AND MISSILE COMMAND REDSTONE ARSENAL AL
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The CHAPARRAL guided missile system, the 20-mm VULCAN gun, the Forward Area Alerting Radar, and the self-propelled HAWK missile system now in the active Army inventory represent the culmination of a long and perplexing search for an effective solution to the forward area low-altitude air defense problem. From the end of World War II until the mid-1950s, the Ordnance Corps sought to meet the low-altitude threat through the modernization of existing artillery guns. During that period, a number of possible solutions to the problem were investigated, but few of them reached the hardware stage and only one -- the improved 40-mm self-propelled gun DUSTER -- was ever released to the Army supply system. Convinced that the achievement of a fully effective forward area air defense system would require a significant engineering breakthrough in fire control technology, the Chief of Ordnance set out to fulfill the requirement for an optimum weapon system through a series of evolutionary developments.
- Defense Systems
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics