Accession Number:

ADA434389

Title:

History of the Chaparral/FAAR Air Defense System

Descriptive Note:

Historical monograph

Corporate Author:

ARMY AVIATION AND MISSILE COMMAND REDSTONE ARSENAL AL

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1977-05-31

Pagination or Media Count:

230.0

Abstract:

The CHAPARRAL guided missile system, the 20-mm VULCAN gun, the Forward Area Alerting Radar, and the self-propelled HAWK missile system now in the active Army inventory represent the culmination of a long and perplexing search for an effective solution to the forward area low-altitude air defense problem. From the end of World War II until the mid-1950s, the Ordnance Corps sought to meet the low-altitude threat through the modernization of existing artillery guns. During that period, a number of possible solutions to the problem were investigated, but few of them reached the hardware stage and only one -- the improved 40-mm self-propelled gun DUSTER -- was ever released to the Army supply system. Convinced that the achievement of a fully effective forward area air defense system would require a significant engineering breakthrough in fire control technology, the Chief of Ordnance set out to fulfill the requirement for an optimum weapon system through a series of evolutionary developments.

Subject Categories:

  • Defense Systems
  • Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE