Accession Number:

ADA433654

Title:

Statistical Constraints for Astrometric Binaries With Nonlinear Motion

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL OBSERVATORY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2005-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

9.0

Abstract:

Useful constraints on the orbits and mass ratios of astrometric binaries in the Hipparcos catalog are derived from the measured proper motion differences of Hipparcos and Tycho-2 Delta mu, accelerations of proper motions mu ., and second derivatives of proper motions mu. It is shown how, in some cases, statistical bounds can be estimated for the masses of the secondary components. Two catalogs of astrometric binaries are generated, one of binaries with significant propermotion differences and the other of binaries with significant accelerations of their propermotions. Mathematical relations between the astrometric observables delta mu, mu., and mu.. and the orbital elements are derived in the appendices. We find a remarkable difference between the distribution of spectral types of stars with large accelerations but small proper motion differences and that of stars with large proper motion differences but insignificant accelerations. The spectral type distribution for the former sample of binaries is the same as the general distribution of all stars in the Hipparcos catalog, whereas the latter sample is clearly dominated by solar-type stars, with an obvious dearth of blue stars. We point out that the latter set includes mostly binaries with long periods longer than about 6 yr.

Subject Categories:

  • Astronomy
  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Numerical Mathematics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE