Electrospinning of Poly (MMA-CO-Maa) Copolymers And Their Layered Silicate Nanocomposites For Improved Thermal Properties
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
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Copolymers consisting of methyl methacrylate MMA and methacrylic acid MAA and their layered silicate nanocomposites were electrospun to form fibers with diameters in the sub-micron range. The presence of MAA increased the glass transition temperature and thermal stability of the copolymers through formation of anhydrides upon heating. Dispersion of layered silicates within the nanocomposites improved the electrospinnability of the nanocomposite dispersions. Fibers of uniform diameters were obtained for the poly- MMA-co-MAA copolymers and their nanocomposites containing montmorillonite MMT, while protrusions were observed on the electrospun fibers from nanocomposites containing fluorohectorite FH. MMT is predominantly exfoliated and well distributed within the fiber and oriented along the fiber axis. The electrospinnability of copolymer solutions and nanocomposite dispersions predicted based on both rheological analyses and conductivity measurements correlates well with the experimental electrospinning observations. Char formation was observed when the MMT-containing fibers were heated above the decomposition temperature indicating the characteristics of reduced flammability and increased self-extinguishing properties.
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Polymer Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Laminates and Composite Materials