Caffeinated Gum Maintains Vigilance, Marksmanship, and PVT Performance During a 55 Hour Field Trial
WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC
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In a 2001 report the Committee on Military Nutrition Research CMNR stated that military personnel are often placed in unique situations in which extended alertness is required. This is most evident in situations involving sentry duty, radar monitoring, communications, long-range air support missions, and logistical supply requirements as well as in combat itself. In addition, personnel are often required to forgo sleep in order to meet mission requirements and this inevitably leads to various degrees of sleep deprivation. It is well accepted that restricted andor total sleep deprivation will result in a concomitant impairment in cognitive performance for reviews see Angus et al., 1992 Dinges and Kribbs, 1991. Caffeines ability to maintain or improve mental performance in rested, fatigued, andor sleep deprived individuals has been well documented for reviews see Fredholm et al., 1999 Lieberman et al., 2001 and Smith, 2002 and the CMNR 2001 has recommended caffeine for use as a fatigue countermeasure. Two important areas of concern with caffeine are how it can be delivered and the duration of its effects. Kamimori et al. 2002 have demonstrated that caffeine, administered in a chewing gum formulation, can be delivered three times faster in comparison to a capsule formulation.
- Organic Chemistry