Shark Attack Project - Marine Attack at Towed Hydrophone Arrays
Final technical progress rept.
CALIFORNIA UNIV REGENTS LA JOLLA CA SCRIPPS INST OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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The original objective of the SIO Marine Attack project was to identify the electric and magnetic fields causing sharks to inflict serious damage upon the towed hydrophone arrays of US Navy submarines. In contrast to the geophysical arrays that we studied concurrently, the US Navys arrays appeared to be electromagnetically very quiet by proper design. The only galvanic fields we measured were those of some set screws of a dissimilar metal than the seawater-exposed titanium parts and those of the titanium parts themselves, especially when scratched or abrades during employment. Those fields will evoke bites from sharks coming close to their sources, as we proved in behavioral experiments. Much more serious fields are the image fields of the arrays in the electric fields due to oceanic and ionospheric circulations. Since the latter fields can not be removed, we have added to the original project the innovative objective of designing weak counter fields to divert or utterly confuse any sharks coming near the arrays. While further studies in our Electromagnetic Research Facility and tests at sea to determine the efficacy of the counter fields were in progress, the project was abruptly canceled at the moment of breakthrough success for reasons unknown to us.
- Electricity and Magnetism
- Radiofrequency Wave Propagation