Accession Number:

ADA433058

Title:

Reactions of Mustard on Concrete

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

GEO-CENTERS INC ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD

Report Date:

2004-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

3.0

Abstract:

The reactions of the blister agent mustard, bis2- chloroethyl sulfide, HD, and chloroethyl phenyl sulfide, CEPS, a simulants, were monitored on concrete. asphalt and sand substrates. The CDC13 extract of concrete monoliths was analyzed using both NMR and GCMSD the percent HD extracted depended upon its contact time with the concrete before extraction. Vinyl, hydroxyl, sulfoxide, and dimerized products were detected. 13C SSMAS NMR measurements of CEPS on the concrete. asphalt and sand substrates indicated a strong interaction between the CEPS and asphalt and one type of concrete all of the other interactions were weak. The CEPS that was placed on the CZ2000 concrete reacted over a period of four weeks to form hydrolysis and dimerized products no reaction was detected on the sand. TinkerB, or ACE substrates over this period of time.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE