Sliding Mode Control of a Shape Memory Alloy Actuated Manipulator
VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INST AND STATE UNIV BLACKSBURG DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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This paper presents a two-pan controller that uses a state variable estimator for control of a single degree of freedom rotary manipulator acutated by Shape Memory Alloy SMA wire. A model for the SMA actuated manipulator is presented. The model includes nonlinear dynamics of the manipulation a constitutive model of the Shape Memory Alloy. and the electrical and heat transfer behavior of SMA wire. The estimator predicts the state vector at each time step and corrects its prediction based on the angular position measurements. The transformation temperatures of the SMA wire are stress dependent this adds to complexity of the control of the position of the arm for certain angular positions. To overcome this problem a sliding mode controller is designed to calculate the desired stress of the wire based on the desired angular position of the arm. A classical feedback controller maintains this desired stress by regulating the input voltage to the SMA wire. The stress of the wire is a better set-point for the controller since the transformation temperatures and hence the Martensite traction are frictions of the wires stress. The stabilization and tracking performance of this two-pan controller is presented and compared with a PID controller.
- Metallurgy and Metallography
- Machinery and Tools