PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK
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Ultrasonic motors, which have superior characteristics like high torque at low speed, absence of magnetic interference, and compactness in size, are good candidates for medical applications, automation, robotics, aerospace engineering and various other fields. Many different types of ultrasonic motors have been proposed up to date. The stator of an ultrasonic motor that is excited by piezoelectric elements in ultrasonic frequency range develops different kinds of vibrations depending on its structure. From the way of creating an elliptical motion on the stator, ultrasonic motors were classified into two major groups, such as standing wave and traveling wave types. Further classifications include mode-conversion, multi-mode and mode-rotation types of motors that are suitable for miniaturization and can be manufactured less costly. Ultrasonic motors are of great interest due to the flexibility of miniaturization in comparison with conventional electromagnetic motors whose efficiency decreases significantly. Especially in information systems and medical industry, compact size of these motors makes them find wider applications.
- Electricity and Magnetism