Accession Number:

ADA429440

Title:

Virtual Environment Study of Sensor Mix Effects on Ground Soldiers Situational Awareness

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING DIRECTORATE

Report Date:

2004-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

30.0

Abstract:

The Fort Benning Georgia Field Element of the Human Research and Engineering Directorate of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory conducted an experiment in conjunction with the Communications and Electronics Commands Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Night Vision Electronic Sensor Division, to investigate the effects of different sensor mixes on the situational awareness SA of dismounted Soldiers. The results from this study will be used to document the level of sensors needed for Soldiers to maintain SA with information systems such as the Smart Sensor Web in military operations in urban terrain environments. The experiment was conducted in the Soldier Battle Labs squad synthetic environment, a virtual environment that allows the squad to participate in force-on-force exercises. The four squads that participated in the experiment conducted infantry operations using vignettes that were prepared to include as many situations as possible that are typically encountered during infantry operations. At selected points in the vignette, the Soldiers were administered SA critical information knowledge assessment questionnaires to determine the level of SA achieved with each of the four sensor mix options. These mixes were Mix 1- Distributed cueing sensors in key locations around the village acoustic, seismic, magnetic sensors that can discriminate by type, person, vehicle. Mix 2- Mix 1 sensors plus one hoveringperching unmanned aerial vehicle UAV with fixed infrared camera sensor. Mix 3 Mix 1 and 2 sensors plus fixed imagers in key locations inside the village. Mix 4- Mix 1, 2, and 3 sensors plus advanced cueing sensors with automated target detection and classification, autonomous imagers, and one additional hoveringperching UAV with fixed infrared camera sensor. The results indicated that the addition of fixed imagers in key locations inside the village significantly increases the SA of the individuals in the infantry squad.

Subject Categories:

  • Defense Systems
  • Miscellaneous Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE