Phenethyl Isothiocyanate in Breast Cancer Prevention
Annual rept. 15 Jul 2003-14 Jul 2004
STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO AMHERST
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Our hypothesis is that PEITC is an effective preventive agent in breast cancer. Although a number of mechanisms may be involved, one mechanism of PEITC effects that has not been explored is the potential for PEITC to alter the synthesis and elimination of estrogens. Our specific aims are 1 to evaluate the efficacy of dietary PEITC, at relevant doses, in preventing or delaying the onset of breast cancer in estrogen-dependent breast cancer animal models, 2 to evaluate the effects of PEITC on 1 Theta-estradiol E2 and metabolite E2 sulfate, E2 glucuronide, estrone, 2-hydroxyE2, 4-hydroxyE2, 2- methoxyE2, and 4-methoxyE2 concentrations in plasma and tumor samples, and 3 to determine changes in enzyme activity andor mRNAprotein expression in tumor and liver samples, for metabolic pathways which may be altered based on the E2 and E2 metabolite profiles. Our studies to date have characterized the pharmacokinetics of PEITC in rats our animal model and demonstrated in preliminary studies that PEITC can alter estrogen metabolism in the liver. Additionally, we found that low concentrations of PEITC can alter the expression of some genes important in breast cancer. These studies will provide new findings regarding the chemopreventive effects of the dietary compound PEITC in estrogen-dependent breast cancer.
- Medicine and Medical Research