Enlistment Propensities of University Students
Final rept. Jun 2001-Aug 2002
NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF SOCIOLOGY
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Enlistment propensities of undergraduates were assessed through surveys conducted at Northwestern University, University of Arizona, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Illinois-Chicago. The core finding was that there is a definite, albeit limited, population that would be amenable to a short enlistment option - 18 months -- coupled with educational benefits. Enlistment propensity was positively correlated with having a friendrelative with military experience, student debt, and the probability of serving overseas. Political orientation was not correlated with enlistment propensity. The overall conclusion supports a dual-market approach in recruitment. Namely, incentives attractive to high socio-economic status youth differ from those conventionally aimed at working-class youth. Recommendations include 1 incorporate social psychological theories in recruitment analyses to counterbalance prevailing econometric approaches, 2 rely more on veterans who were not career soldiers for recruiters, 3 aim advertisement at veterans to influence younger relatives and friends to enlist, 4 emphasize military service as a rewarding change of pace between undergraduate and graduate school or between school and career.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations