Stepped Waveguide Electromagnetic Material Characterization Technique
Master's thesis, Jan 2003-Mar 2004
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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Electromagnetic material characterization is the process of determining the complex permittivity and permeability of a material. A new waveguide material measurement technique is developed to reduce test sample size requirements for low-frequency applications. Specifically, a waveguide sample holder having a reduced aperture is utilized to decrease the time and cost spent producing large precision test samples. This type of sample holder causes a disruption in the waveguide-wall surface currents that results in the excitation of higher-order modes. This thesis will demonstrate how these higher-order modes can be accommodated using a modal-analysis technique, thus resulting in the ability to measure smaller samples mounted in large waveguides and still determine the constitutive parameters of the materials at the desired frequencies. Experimental results for acrylic and magnetic and electric radar absorbing materials are compared to ideal full-aperture measurements at S-band 2.6 -3.95 GHz to verify the modal-analysis technique. In addition, since uncertainties in test sample thickness and placement are predominantly encountered in material characterization measurements, a differential error analysis is performed to determine associated error bounds.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Electricity and Magnetism