In Situ Evaluation of the Role of the Small GTPase Rac3 in Breast Cancer Metastasis
Annual rept. 1 Apr 2003-31 Mar 2004
TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN
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To test the hypothesis that the signaling protein Rac3 is critical for the initiation of breast cancer metastasis, we created stable fluorescently-tagged breast cancer cell lines that express active and inactive forms of Rac3 and its close homolog Rac1 in a highly metastatic variant of the MDA-MB-435 metastatic breast cancer cell line. Dominant active forms of Rac3 and Rac1 were stably expressed in a low metastatic variant of MDA-MB-435. High metastatic cell lines expressing dominant negative Rac1 or Rac3 demonstrated similar reduction in invasion and migration in vitro compared to controls. Cell lines expressing a dominant negative Racl or Rac3 did not show differences in proliferation however, when implanted in nude mice, both cell lines produced smaller primary tumors that demonstrated reduced metastasis compared to controls. Expression of dominant active Rac1 or Rac3 in a low metastatic breast cancer cell variant resulted in enhanced migratory and invasive properties. Interestingly, the low metastatic breast cancer cell lines expressing a dominant active Rac3 were more invasive in vitro than the same cell line expressing similar levels of dominant active Rac1. These cells are currently being analyzed in the nude mouse model of experimental metastasis. To provide a direct assessment of these mutant cell lines, we have developed a fluorescence illumination system and are adapting a fluorescence confocal microscope to specifically image fluorescence breast cancer cells in live mice.
- Medicine and Medical Research