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Naval Postgraduate School Research. Volume 14, Number 1, February 2004

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This issue of Naval Postgraduate School Research focuses on meteorology. The schools Department of Meteorology is internationally recognized for its outstanding record of research and instruction. Perhaps less known is the important role the Department is playing in addressing and solving key meteorological challenges facing the Department of the Navy and the Department of Defense. The mastery of the Battlespace Atmospheric Environment is a necessary component for the successful implementation of SEA POWER 21. This article presents a review of some of the unique and valuable efforts undertaken by the faculty and students within the Department in support of SEA POWER 21. Readers are asked to consider the diverse ways in which atmospheric processes and phenomena impact military and naval operations. Weather challenges take on many forms as the U.S. military defends this nation. The impact of major storms on military operations is well known. In December 1944 during World War II, Typhoon Cobra struck the Pacific Fleet, which was operating in support of the invasion of the Philippines. Three ships were lost with practically all hands, 28 other ships sustained serious damage, and 790 officers and sailors were lost. During the same year, military planners found weather, ocean, and tidal conditions were the key elements in determining the day and time of the largest amphibious operation in history, the Normandy D-Day invasion. In the recent Operation Iraqi Freedom, the fierce sandstorm of March 25-27 brought military operations to a near standstill. The main article in this issue is The Naval Postgraduate Schools Department of Meteorology Addresses the Critical Role of Atmospheric Sciences for Sea Power 21 and National Security. The article is divided into three sections Meteorological Requirements and Contributions to Sea Strike, Role of Weather in Sea Basing and Dominant Maneuver, and Atmospheric Impacts on Sea Shield.

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  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Meteorology
  • Naval Surface Warfare

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