Accession Number:

ADA422948

Title:

Preferences and Utilities for Prostate Cancer Screening and Assessment of the Underlying Decision Making Process

Descriptive Note:

Annual rept. 1 Jan-31 Dec 2003

Corporate Author:

FOX CHASE CANCER CENTER PHILADELPHIA PA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2004-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

14.0

Abstract:

The proposed study will evaluate two different populations, a community sample without prostate cancer, and a group of men diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer. The study is designed to evaluate the decision-making mechanism i.e., risk attitude versus risk- perceptions and processes i.e., cognitive versus affective that influence their preference for specific treatments e.g., surgery and radiotherapy and associated health states i.e., sexual impotence and urinary incontinence. In order to assess risk-attitude versus risk-perception two variables must be considered, the point of reference of the subject i.e. person with prostate cancer versus person without prostate cancer and the way the treatment alternatives are communicated or framed loss-framed message versus gain-framed message. Understanding the decision making process driving preferences is important because it gives us information on how best to communicate or framed messages. It would also give us insight into how preferences may be manipulated and how different populations may have different preferences for the same treatment e.g. surgery or health state e.g. impotence. Further, an analysis of how and what processes lead to group differences would assists in improved message framing, risk communications and possibly more relevant cost-utility analyses.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE