Accession Number:

ADA422719

Title:

Securing Afghanistan: Entering a Make-or-Break Phase?

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2004-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

Afghanistan has reached a critical point in its struggle for post-Taliban recovery The stakes are high and bound to influence enormously the future directions of Islamic extremism, global ter- rorism, a nuclear-armed Pakistan, and the stability of south and central Asia During the past year, major problems festered rather than being treated, mainly because Iraq diverted high-level US attention, resources, and leadership Aggravating these problems were internal tensions within the Afghan Transitional Authority of President Hamid Karzai, Pashtun resentment toward the authority, and the emergence of a serious Taliban-led insurgency in the south To correct these problems, major additional resources were allocated, Operation Enduring Freedom adopted a new focus on security and stability, and the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization agreed to expand the mandate of the International Security Assistance Force beyond Kabul The successful adoption of a new constitution at the special national assembly Loya Jirga in January 2004 by a strong moderate consensus was a significant step forward in national unity, reduced Pashtun resentment, and strengthened the hand of President Karzai as a national leader Even so, critical ground and time have been lost, due in part to doubts regarding Americas commitment. Success is not assured and will require a longer, harder, and more painful slog for Afghanistan, the United States, and the international coalition, as well as sustained U.S. leadership commitment.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE