Pakistan's Kashmir Policy and Strategy Since 1947
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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This thesis analyzes Pakistans Kashmir policy and strategy since 1947. Pakistan has sought to obtain the accession of Kashmir for over fifty years. This policy has its origins in Pakistans struggle for a separate state for South Asias Muslims, its belief that India never accepted Pakistans existence, and Pakistans domestic cleavages and institutional weaknesses. Because these beliefs and characteristics remain today, Pakistan is unlikely to drop its claim to Kashmir. Pakistans strategy to achieve its objectives has included diplomacy, war, and proxy war. This thesis explores how internal and external variables have impacted Pakistans methods and what this means for the current effort to end the proxy war in Kashmir. Although Pakistan is unlikely to abandon its claims to Kashmir, an analysis of Pakistans shift from diplomacy to war in 1965 and from diplomacy to proxy war in 1990 demonstrates that Pakistans strategy responds to external constraints and opportunities. The United States may not be able to end the dispute over Kashmir by pressuring Pakistan to drop its claims, but Washington retains sufficient influence to persuade Pakistan to use a peaceful strategy to pursue its claims to Kashmir.
- Government and Political Science