Accession Number:

ADA422250

Title:

Differences in Pilot Automation Philosophies in the US and Russian Air Forces Ground Collision Avoidance Systems

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Report Date:

2003-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

9.0

Abstract:

G-induced loss of consciousness G-LOC is a pilot human factors HF problem that plagues all air forces that fly high performance fighter aircraft. Spatial disorientation SD is an even more serious HF problem that affects not only the military but also commercial aviation. By some estimates, one out of every four aircraft mishaps is due to a HF problem, and the pilot flies a perfectly operating aircraft into the terrain. Altitude warning systems and other voice or buzzer devices in the cockpit have been relatively ineffective at reducing the number of mishaps. To stem the tremendous loss of pilots and aircraft because of HF-related mishaps, the U.S. Air Force and Russian Air Force have developed automated collision avoidance systems. The U.S. Air Force has developed a Ground Collision Avoidance System GCAS that is automatic and requires no pilot intervention. The philosophy behind this system is reliability, pilot unobtrusiveness, and invisibility. The Russians also have developed a pilot state monitoring system that is automatic, but includes the pilot in its control loop. The Russian system even includes an onboard video camera that allows ground operators to observe the pilot during the mission. The objective of this paper is to discuss these two automated collision avoidance systems and to distinguish between the roles of the humans versus machines in each one. 4 figures, 6 refs.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Aircraft Operations
  • Attack and Fighter Aircraft
  • Flight Control and Instrumentation
  • Cybernetics
  • Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE