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Development and Optimization of a Comprehensive Kinetic Model of Hydrocarbon Fuel Combustion

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Final technical rept. 1 Jan 2001-31 Dec 2003

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The goal of this research program was to develop a comprehensive, predictive, and detailed kinetic model of hydrocarbon combustion for aero propulsion simulations. Sensitivity analyses were performed to examine the influences of the uncertainty in binary diffusion coefficients on flame simulations. First-principles calculations were carried out to determine the molecular binary diffusion coefficients of H-He, H2-He, H-H2, and H-Ar gas mixtures. This study resulted in an updated transport property library commonly used in combustion simulations. A new class of radical-chain initiation reactions was discovered for the homogeneous oxidation of unsaturated hydrocarbons. This element of the study utilized advanced quantum chemistry tools, reaction rate theory, and the method of detailed kinetic modeling. This new class of initiation reactions was found to be critical to reaction model development. A detailed reaction model of C1-C4 fuel combustion was updated. The foundation of this model, namely the H2CO sub-model, was revised completely and optimized. A new method, termed the Sensitivity Analysis Based SAB method, was developed for rapid model optimization. The method was shown to be far more efficient than the factorial design method used in previous kinetic model optimization efforts.

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  • Physical Chemistry
  • Combustion and Ignition

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