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Specific and Selective Biosensor for Salmonella and Its Detection in the Environment

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Technical rept.

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The specific and selective detection of Salmonella typhymurium based on the use of a polyclonal antibody immobilized by the Langmuir-Blodgett method on the surface a quartz crystal acoustic wave device was demonstrated in liquid samples. These biosensors were selective to Salmonella typhymurium in the presence of large concentrations of Escherichia coli 0157H7. They were also specific to Salmonella typhymurium since bacteria preincubated with free antibody produced no signal. Dark-field and electron microscopy showed that two different antibodies, polyvalent somatic 0 and flagellar H7, were immobilized on the sensor surface producing two distinct attachments of bacteria at the liquidsolid interface. The somatic O antibody exhibits a rigid, binding, while the flagellar H7 antibody forms a flexible connection allowing a large degree of freedom. When the attachment of bacteria was rigid and strong, the responses of the acoustic wave sensors correlated with changes in the mass of bacteria present at the liquid-solid interface. In contrast, when attachment was flexible the sensor signals were inversely proportional to the additional mass of bound bacteria. This difference is probably determined by the interfacial viscoelasticity and by acoustic and electromagnetic coupling. The signals of environmentally aged sensors with either predominately rigid or flexible positioning of bacteria were correlated with changes in mass at the liquid-solid interface. Sensors with O or H type of binding could be used for analytical purposes.

Subject Categories:

  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Acoustic Detection and Detectors

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