Deep Maneuver: Past Lessons Identified for Future Bold Commanders
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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Future war concepts envisage dispersed formations roaming deep into enemy territory to achieve a disproportionate effect on their enemy. The effect they seek to achieve is not simply attritional, but the shattering of an enemy s cohesion. Many of the great captains of war have achieved these effects, but their lessons for deep maneuver have been lost amidst the other details of their campaigns. A study is therefore needed across history if one is to identify the enduring lessons, solely relating to deep maneuver that is the aim of this thesis. Four classic deep maneuver periods are therefore used to identify these lessons Napoleon in 1805 and 1806 and 1812, the Werhmacht in 1939-1941, the Israeli Defense Force in 1967 and 1973, and the Gulf War of 1990 and 1991. Deep maneuver is an expansive subject therefore, to focus research this study concentrates on solely conventional forces. Other supporting factors such as airpower or fires are commented upon where they assist in identifying lessons learned. Based on the analysis of four different deep maneuver experiences this study concludes that deep maneuver is not the panacea for all ills, but is a tactic that future commander s must comprehend. Fourteen principles for deep maneuver are identified.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics