The Whole is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts: The United Coast Guard and Homeland Security
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
Pagination or Media Count:
This SRP examines the national strategic importance of maintaining the Coast Guard intact through the 21st Century to preserve its vast, effective multi-functional capabilities. Provisions of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 established a new cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security DHS and transferred the U.S. Coast Guard USCG from the Department of Transportation DOT to this new Department, effective 1 March 2003. Authorization in the Act to transfer the Coast Guard to the DHS was not granted without considerable debate. The debates surrounding the Coast Guards move to the DHS centered on whether the new emphasis on the strategic objectives of homeland security would degrade the multi-functional services the Coast Guard provides to the nation. Many members of Congress expressed concern the proposed transfer could lead to a reduced focus on the Coast Guards non-homeland security missions. One option proposed to alleviate such concerns was to divide the Coast Guard into two parts. The missions that focus on maritime homeland security would be transferred to the DHS, and the remaining non-homeland security missions would stay with the DOT. Ultimately the Coast Guard was transferred intact to the DHS.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics