Accession Number:

ADA411913

Title:

Sperm Whale Impulse Noise and Incoherent Narrowband CFAR Processing

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.

Corporate Author:

DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION EDINBURGH (AUSTRALIA) MARITIME OPERATIONS DIV

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2002-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

27.0

Abstract:

Impulsive noise interference of a biological origin is common in underwater acoustic environments. Here we report on properties of impulsive noise produced by sperm whales, recorded in deep water off the coast of Manus Island. We analyze the noise as a function of frequency band, and find strong non-Gaussian effects in the range 1-6 kHz. Sonar performance can be improved by utilizing nonlinear filtering techniques from non-Gaussian detection theory. We demonstrate this by measuring empirical gains for a constant false-alarm rate CPAR incoherent narrowband processor. We investigate both parametric locally optimum and nonparametric filtering of the time-domain data to enhance weak signal detection. Simulated Rayleigh fading signals were inserted into the noise data, and the detection threshold was found to be lowered by about 4 dB over conventional processing, for signal frequencies 1.5 kHz and 4.5 kHz and a false-alarm probability of 0.0001. Performance degradations can potentially occur at large signal-to-noise ratios, but these were mitigated using a simple technique for fusing the non-Gaussian processor with a conventional processor.

Subject Categories:

  • Acoustics
  • Radiofrequency Wave Propagation

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE